Marijuana legalization pros and cons research paper

Pros and Cons of Legalization

During his recent visit to the United Kingdom, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has put again in the table the discussion about rethinking the fight against drugs, especially and as always, addressing the issue of legalization. However, it was just that, a call to discuss the issue, which, in any case, has been done for many years. Even so, it is worth reviewing, within the framework of what Santos proposes, the different arguments supporting and attacking the possibility of a legalization of drugs.

Pros
Reducing funding sources for mafias and terrorist groups: Most international criminal organizations are financed, in one form or another, with the production, trafficking and sale of illicit drugs; From the Colombian and Mexican mafias to the Afghan Taliban. If the business loses its illegality status, the huge profits would be greatly reduced and the drug trade would lose its lucrative clandestinely.
Improve the possibilities of controlling and caring for addicts: as with tobacco or alcohol, if the production and marketing of drugs were legal, governments could control not only the quality of the product, but also monitor and attend more easily To addicts and consumers.
Enabling business taxation: of course, as with any legal business, the state could collect taxes on the production and sale of the drug. In fact, very good income would be obtained on this multi-million dollar trade.
Preventive approach over coercive: finally, there is the issue of the possibility of consuming as part of individual decisions taken within the framework of the freedom of the people. This is more complex than it seems, however, it is clear that a more preventive approach (which would facilitate legalization) than coercive would be less invasive and restrictive of the individual freedoms of citizens.
Cons
The mafias weaken, but they do not disappear: the legalization of the business could end the immense income that this business reaches the criminal organizations, but it would not end them, it is possible, as good businessmen, the mafias Simply decide to diversify other sectors of the illegal economy. Mafia is a problem of law enforcement and state weakness, not that there are prohibited activities, therefore, legalization can not be seen as the panacea in addressing the global issue of organized crime.
New, and no less complex, challenges: legalization would shift from coercive to preventive, but this does not simplify the problem; Addressing addicts is as complex as fighting because they do not have access to drugs. Similarly, greater and easier access to the substances, although certainly does not lead to an apocalyptic increase of consumption as some believe, will improve the chances of many people to access and eventually become addicts. The state and society, whatever approach you follow, will not be able to wash the hands of the problem so easily.
On what will be legalized: are we going to legalize marijuana, cocaine, heroin and synthetic drugs? Or just marijuana? Because depending on what one chooses the consequences of the legalization could bring with it some combinations of the pros and cons of which we have spoken. In other words, legalizing marijuana seems the simplest of agreements, but it would also prove to be the most irrelevant in terms of the fight against drugs and the care of addicts. In the same way, we could legalize heroin, one of the most harmful and addictive substances, but surely this would pose a huge social and political challenge.
Is legalization the way out of the drug problem? What other pros and cons does this option entail? Tell me what you think, comment.

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